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Engineering case study

Why study for a degree in Engineering?

When deciding on a particular degree course, many students are unaware of the vast opportunities that lie in the broad area of engineering. This problem arises since most people are unable to define exactly what type of work an engineer performs.

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The engineering profession is not well understood by the general public, even in the United Kingdom, who tend to associate an engineer with somebody who services their car or mends their washing machine! However, this type of work is rarely performed by graduate engineers. A professional engineer lives in a high-tech, fast moving world where the competition is fierce and the stakes are high.

With a degree in engineering, you are far more likely to be involved in the research, design and development of new products and services. Engineers have designed and created most of the world in which we now live. The subject is fairly creative and aims to solve everyday problems in a cost effective and practical manner. While many see engineering as a very technical subject, in reality many engineers will develop considerable management experience and the ability to communicate well and motivate individuals is an important skill.

The financial realities of studying for a degree cannot be ignored. Engineering is one of the few University subjects where companies are actively looking to sponsor students throughout their degree programme. If sponsored, the company will normally give you money during the university terms, and this can help to make life a bit easier!. Most companies will also offer paid work experience during the long summer holidays, and this is a very useful way of experiencing the type of work opportunities engineering has to offer. Sponsorship also offers the chance of a job offer after you graduate.

Job prospects for graduates with a degree in electrical and electronic engineering have never been so exciting. The huge growth in areas such as telecommunications has resulted in a large demand for suitably qualified students. In the past, many students have not realised how many opportunities lie in engineering, and this had led to companies finding it extremely difficult to attract people with the skills and experience they require. In general, engineering offers very rewarding work, as well as the potential for personal development, world-wide travel and good pay.

An Electrical and Electronic Engineering degree opens the door on many possible careers. Whether you want to be a manager or a technical expert, a sales person or a computer programmer, most electronics companies will need and value your skills. If at the end of your degree you decide that your future does not lie in engineering, then your degree can still be used to apply for a wide range of alternative employment opportunities.

In conclusion, a good degree in Electrical and Electronic Engineering from a university with strong research in growth areas such as telecommunications, as well as strong links to the industry, is an excellent and flexible foundation for future success.

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Case Study On Iraq

Iraq is a country situated in the Middle East and has been part of Ottoman Empire and was colonized by British. She has been home to major civilization like Assyria, Babylonia, and Sumer. The modern day Iraq was created in 1932 after attaining independence from Britain. However, the country became a republic in 1958 with Baghdad as the capital city of the country (CIA Fact book, 2009). Iraq has a long history of participation in major wars.  Three major wars that it has participated include Iran-Iraq border dispute war, Gulf War, and U.S led war on terror. Iraq has had territorial dispute with Iran which led to an 8 year war that eventually culminated in its invasion of Kuwait. She invaded Kuwait in 1990 but was removed from during the Gulf War which was led by United Nations forces. Iraq was invaded by U.S led forces in 2003 in War on Terror which eventually led to toppling of Dictator Saddam Hussein. Iraq is one of the major producers of oil in the Middle East (CIA Fact book, 2009).


Geographically, Iraq is located in Middle East at the tip of Persian Gulf between Iran and Kuwait. She has a long coast line along the Persian Gulf stretching for more than 30 kilometers though the maritime boundaries have been a contentious issue with Iran. Iraq has a total land area which measures up to 438,317 square kilometers.  The country has variable climatic regions but it is mainly a desert country with plains, reedy marshes, and mountainous regions along the borders (Simons, 2004). The country is rich in natural resources which include petroleum, natural gas, sulfur, and phosphate. Only a small percentage of the total land is arable and agricultural sector is not well developed.


Iraq is a republic known as Republic of Iraq as declared in 1958 (CIA Fact book, 2009). The country has a government which is made up of three branches which include executive, legislative, and judicial. However, this republican status has been undermined by years of rule under strongmen like Saddam Hussein but currently she is finding her democratic space through with much bloodshed. The country has a parliamentary democracy since the overthrow of Saddam Hussein and consequently changes in of constitution in 2005 which allowed for election of leaders representing governing divisions. The country has eighteen administrative divisions called governorates which have representatives in the country parliament and government officials (Axeland, 1996). The country has legal system is based on European civil and Islamic laws. European civil laws were inherited from years of British rule while Islamic laws emanate from major religious group in the country. The country is a multiparty democracy with many political parties. Iraq can be considered a young democracy since most of the political parties were formed only after the U.S led invasion and overthrow of strongman Saddam Hussein.


Iraq has a total population of 28,945,657. Age distribution is varied by majority of the people, 58.2% of the population between 15 and 64 years.  The country has a medium population growth rate currently estimated to be at 2.507% (CIA Fact book, 2009). Iraq also has a medium population density which currently stands at 6 persons per square kilometers although population density varies with regions.

Iraq is one of the countries in the Middle East hat have experienced a high rate of urbanization. Due to industrialization in the country driven by oil wealth, only few people have been left in the rural areas practicing agriculture. The country has a high rate of urbanization with 67% of the population living in urban areas while 33% live in rural areas. Most of those living in the rural areas mainly practice agriculture (CIA Fact book, 2009).

The country has two large ethnic groups including Arab making 75-80% of the population and Kurds making 15-20% of the population. Other groups like Turkmen, Assyrian, Jews, and others make 5% of the population (CIA Fact book, 2009).  The official language recognized throughout the country is Arabic. Other commonly spoken languages include Kurdish, Assyrian, and Armenian.

Iraq is a religious nation and religion plays an important a role in administrative functions. Majority of the people in Iraq are Muslims who make up 96% of the population. Christian makes up 3% of the population and the rest constitute only 1% (CIA Fact book, 2009).

Education and health

Although the country has been ravaged by war, life expectancy stands at 69.9 years on average. This includes 71.3 years for females and 68.6 years for males. Infant mortality is still high currently standing at 44 deaths per every 1,000 lives (CIA Fact book, 2009). However, Iraq has performed poorly in education. The country has a low literacy rate which stands at 41.1%. This includes 25.2% for females and 56.6% for males. The school life expectancy in the country stands at 10 years. School life expectancy is 11 years for male and 8 years for female (CIA Fact book, 2009).


The country Gross Domestic Product in terms of U.S$ currently stands at 12,602 million. GDP per capita in terms of US$ was at $ 736.55 (CIA Fact book, 2009). The country GDP purchasing power parity stands at $ 103.9 billions according to 2008 estimates which is an increase from $ 96.39 recorded in 2007. On the other hand the real GDP growth stood at 7.8% in 2008 (CIA Fact book, 2009).

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